How to nurse myocardium is better
The most common disease in the elderly is myocardial infarction. Do you know what is the precursor of myocardial infarction? Can myocardial infarction be cured?
In fact, in addition to the treatment of myocardial infarction, the care of myocardial infarction is also very important, it is very helpful for the recovery of the patient’s condition!
Today, I will give you a detailed introduction on how to nurse myopic infarction.
How is the myocardial infarction better?
1, 2 weeks after the onset of life care patients, should be absolutely bed rest.
The patient’s turning over, washing, eating, urinating, etc., are assisted by the nurse and passive movement of the limbs to prevent thrombosis.
After 2 weeks, the guide is active in the bed, the movement is slow, and the orthostatic hypotension is prevented.
After 3 weeks, you can walk away from the bed and indoors slowly. If you are seriously ill or have complications, you need to extend the bed time.
2, psychological care to understand and master the patient’s psychological state, patiently explain and comfort the work, so that it can relieve ideological concerns and mental stress, appropriate treatment.
3, oxygen inhalation in patients with myocardial infarction is to increase blood oxygen concentration, improve myocardial oxygen supply, eliminate pain-causing substances caused by hypoxia metabolism.
Oxygen should be continuously inhaled for the first 3 days. The flow rate is 4?
6 L / min is appropriate, after the pain is reduced or disappeared, the oxygen flow can be reduced to 3?
4 L / min, maintain 1?
3, the diet of the nursed back to a low-fat digestible light diet, limiting a large number of large amounts of cholesterol foods, such as eggs, fat, etc., to prevent elevation.
In order to avoid aggravating the burden on the heart, it is not advisable to eat too much.
4, to maintain the patient’s living environment, habits and dietary changes, long-term bed rest, and treatment often used morphine, cold and other drugs, can make high temperature creep slowly, constipation.
Patients with acute or convalescent period often induce arrhythmia, angina pectoris, cardiogenic shock, heart failure, and even sudden death due to constipation. They must be promptly prevented, and encourage patients to eat vegetables, honey, bananas, etc.For the purpose of laxation, keep 1?
Defecation once a day for 2 days, if necessary, laxatives, also use Kaisailu or saline low-pressure enema.
5, acute myocardial infarction changes rapidly at any time may occur cardiogenic shock, cardiac dysfunction, various types of arrhythmia, severe cardiac arrest, sudden death.
Therefore, medical staff should carefully observe the condition and closely monitor changes in heart rate, heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, and body temperature. If conditions permit, patients should be included in the intensive care unit for monitoring, and prepare for various first-aid.